Mark and Jane Watkins with Grandkids and Drilling Rigs
Mark and Jane Watkins with Grandkids and Drilling Rigs
Use this information to help you better understand your system. Working on wells and / or pumps can be dangerous!

Be wise - Hire Licensed, Experienced Contractors!

Determining the location, type and size of your pump from the common list below is important for servicing. What type of pump do you have?

All pumps except the "Submersible" will be found above ground, likely in your garage or just outside the garage. Submersible pumps are installed "submerged" inside the well. The type of pump you may have is also important. Generally speaking there are 3 types including the Self priming Centrifugals, Jets and Submersibles.

Jet pumps can be further classified as being Shallow Well Jet Pumps and/ or Deep Well Jet Pumps. Jet pumps seem to be most confusing for the homeowner to identify. A Shallow Well Jet Pump will have the jet built into the body of the pump head.

A Deep Well Jet Pump or a convertible Deep Well Jet Pump will not have the jet built into the pump head. These pumps are identified by having 2 ports on the suction end of the pump head.

Shallow Well Jet Pumps typically have a "snout" look to them. This means that the pump head is elongated to provide room for the jet to be included in the pump itself and they will only have 1 port on the suction side of the pump head.

Centrifugal pumps have a shorter and somewhat rounder pump head. They only have 1 port on the suction side of the pump head.

Jet Pumps are best suited to build pressure while centrifugal pumps provide volume.

You can identify the suction pipe side of your pump as it is connected to the well head, and the the other side is the discharge side which will be going to your usage (sprinklers, hoses, your house). Below are photos of each type also typical installations.




This is a centrifugal pump. It has a plastic pump head (liquid end) it could also have a metal pump head. The important thing to note is the basic design. One pipe in and another out.

That is: a suction port from the well or water source and another to the sprinkler system or intended use for the water.

This type pump provides low PSI (30 to 40 PSI) but high volumes of water. It is most often used for Irrigation Systems.




This is a deep well jet pump. This is a multi stage pump meaning it has two (2) impellers. It could simply have one (1) impeller. The important thing to note is the design.

This type pump has two (2) pipes connecting to the well or water source. And one (1) discharge port for water use.

This type pump provides high pressure (40 to 80 PSI) but lower volumes of water. It is best suited for domestic (potable) needs.




This is a deep well jet pump. Similar to the pump above this pump will often bolt directly atop the well head. It also has two (2) ports for the well connection.




This pump is a shallow well jet pump. These pumps normally will have only one (1) impeller. And will range in size from 1/2 to 1 horse power.

Note the pump has only one (1) port to the well - suction and one (1) discharge port - for water use.

These pumps are best for garden hose use or other applications where higher pressures are needed.




This is a sample of a submersible pump. These pumps offer both higher pressures and high flows. They will range in size from a small 1/2 Hp pump delivering 10 GPM to 5 Hp or more delivering 100 GPM or more.

They have multi impellers and the motors are sealed and cooled by the waters flow.

Most are "dropped" into the well 40 feet to 60 feet or more.

They are best serviced by experienced service personnel.



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